Tuesday, November 5, 2013

Evelyn Trent-

References and Notes :
1. Hoover institution Archives Jones : Evelyn Trent 1892­1970 Papers 1925-1969. American journalist, - wife of Manabendra Nath Roy . Indian communist leader, Summary: Correspondence, Notes, pamphlets, clippings and photographs relating to M.N.. Roy and the communist movement in India. The manuscript box folder I contains brief biography note also was not there. Folder two consists of correspondence of Evelyn with her mother, Robert North, Richard Park, Renaissance Publishers India, letters addressed to Evelyn by Sibnarayan Ray, Ellen Roy, Robert North and Richard Park. Folder three and four contained news paper clippings of Evelyn's as feature writer and contributed to San Fransisco Chronicle Sacramento Bay area news papers, Stanford Illustrated weekly, One letter from Einstein thanking her for her help to the atomic scientists committee. Roy's obituary in Radical Humanist Jan 25, 1963 issue. The Hoover Institute referred my letter to Mr Diven Merideth seeking permission. to use the material. Mr Diven is the son of Evelyn's sister Mrs. J. D. Merideth. He is now staying in California State. He permitted me to use the papers of. Evelyn and also sent her photograph of 1950s at my request- The Hoover Institute papers mentioned the dates 1925 to 1969 but there was nothing to reveal the communist phase of Evelyn nor her married life with MN. Roy. The library of Congress has the information of Evelyn in the unpublished manuscripts catalogue. The photos of MN. Roy in the archives belong to Mexico period and no photo of Evelyn was found in the papers. The letter addressed to Richard Park was burnt at the edges and a part of it was not there. The papers indicate that Evelyn valued her privacy and that makes the researcher's task all the more difficult! See Archives of Hoover Institution on war, Revolution and peace. Stanford, California, USA.
2.   National Archives, USA in Washington D.C. list of Manifest. of Alien passengers 1893 - 2953 121 M 1410 Roll 90 May 23, 1916 Microfilm The curious aspect in the information is that the place of birth was given as HAITES and the city in which Roy was born was Ionainis!
3.   See the files of Justice department in National Archives Washington D.C. Microfilm copy. The index card says that 400 pages of matter was available on Roy.
4.  Bhagawan Singh was revolutionary who was indicted in U.S.A. in 1917. Roy sent him Vanguard journal from Geneva even - in 1924. See War Department files-Microfilm and Central research files in National Archives, Washington D.C.
5.   Mukerji, Dhan Gopal. (1890 - 1936) was the son of a priest in Bengal. He was in Japan for a short period and picked up Japanese and he could speak French with ease. He wrote a few books for children and he was essentially spiritualist believed in Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. He toured India during 1927 and met Jawaharlal Nehru. Some of his papers and correspondence was available in Syracuse University and Pennsylvania University library, Philadelphia. David Jordan Starr had very good opinion of him.

6.   See the files of Federal Bureau Investigation, U.S.A. in National Archives, Washington D.C. Files 3551 MID 9771-23.
7. Census 1900 Utah State, USA Microfilm in National Archives Washington D.C. Code T 653 The data given: Lamartine, Trent Dec. 1849 born, England; Trent DeLome, wife 1858B. age 41 Florida, Inaze, daughter 1879 age 21 Montana born; Lender daughter 1880 age 19; Lamartine, son 1882 age 18 Colorado; Walter, son 1883 17; Helen, daughter 1884 age 16 Colorado; Goodwin daughter 1886 age 14; Florence daughter 1888 age 12 Utah; Evelyn daughter 1892 Utah.
8. See : Famous persons of the West: Press Reference Library. Library of congress, Washington D.C. PP 871 In the Hoover Institute Archives among Jones, Evelyn Trent papers there is a biographical note in which a para was mentioned about Lamartine. The family name was Trent and full name was Lamartine Cavaignac. He attended some private schools in London until age 12 and then sailed to USA He got enlisted in Co. G, 47th N.Y. Vol., Civil War and participated in first and second battles of Fort Fisher in North Carolina. It seems he was often blindfolded until he reached a given destination to assure secrecy of the location of the mineral property! He developed a dairy farm, a mine at Vantrent and mining machinery business in San Fransisco and Los Angles. He had mining properties in the vicinity of Auburn where he settled down and lived his last days.
9.  David., Jordan Starr (19 Jan 1851 - 19 Sept. 1931) \X/as Chancellor- and Emeritus Chancellor of Stanford University till, his death. He stood for international peace. He collected rare species in residence along with Ethel Rae Dugan and continued her contact throughout: David appreciated her talent and helped whenever asked for David, Jordan Starr correspondence, papers are available in Microfilm in Stanford University library and in the Library of Congress.
10. Ethel Ray Dugan was graduated from Stanford University in 1915. with History as her subject. She married Mukerji Dhan Gopal in New York on 15th June 1918. By that time Evelyn and M.N. Roy left New York and stayed in Mexico. In New York city Mr and Mrs. Dhan Gopal Mukerji were the guests of Mr W.B. Feakins, Times Building, Times Square. Even after returning from Europe Evelyn did not contact Mr and Mrs, Mukerji. M.N. Roy also lost contact with them. Dhan Gopal died when Roy was in jail in India.
11. "On the Quiet" was three act comedy of Augustus Thomas. It was rated as one of the best American plays during the first decade of 20th century. It was staged in Broadway theaters of New, York. Thomas originally named it as "Thread way of Yale". In this play a wealthy girl and another young actor decided to marry the parents of the bridegroom cunningly promised to help him for his Harvard studies. The lovers wanted to marry after the studies. But the parents of the groom withdrew their support to see that the marriage does not take place. Hero of the play was engulfed with constant threats. Thomas created the situations which the audience enjoyed in a hilarious mood. Augustus Thomas (8 Jan. 1857 - Aug. 1934) hailed from St. Louis in USA and he produced 70 plays and contributed to the theater development in USA Some of his popular plays are: Mizzoura. The Copperhead, The Burglar, A. man of the World. Lot of publicity was given for Evelyn in those days for her performance as Ethel. It was staged in Stanford University on Feb. 28th 1913. See The San Fransisco call. Feb. 27, 1913.
12.  See Evelyn's letter to her mother from Stanford University July 15 1912. Evelyn used to sign as Barn, Archives of Hoover Institute, Stanford, USA
13. Mukerji, Dhatz Gopal told this to one Mr O. O. Anthony. F.B.I. File in National Archives, Washington D.C.
14. Evelyn wrote her first letter to David Jordan Starr on 31st August 1916 from 1417 Crown Hill Avenue, Los Angeles, California. Without waiting for the letter she applied for the passport. Meanwhile Jordan sent the letter. She thanked him through her letter on 15th September from the same place. Evelyn obviously stayed with her parents while waiting for the passport. Perhaps she introduced M.N. Roy to her parents and sisters there. See David Jordan Starr papers in microfilm-Library of Congress, Washington D.C. Unpublished documents section.
15.  See.F.B.I. records in National archives, Washington D.C.
16.  Lala LajPat Rai was known the lion of Punjab in India. He was national leader and freedom fighter who stayed in New York temporarily due to the restriction - imposed by the British govt. He was ALya Samajist who died in 192$.
17.  See Dan N.. Jacobs: "Borodin, Stalin's man" Harvard Uni Press, Chicago pp -68.I asked him the source for the wedding of. Roy's in prison, Jacobs could not give any proof but advised me to refer: to registration of Eleven's second marriage wherein she might have mentioned the reasons for the dissolution of the first marriage etc. Also Evelyn's letter to Richard Park wherein she condemned Chakravarthy for denying her marriage in jail. See Jones, Evelyn Trent. papers in Hoover Institute Archives, Stanford, USA.
18.  War department files of M.N. Roy in National Archives, Washington D.C.
19.  FBI fill in National Archives, Washington D.C. Evelyn and Mrs. Blanchards daughter worked in the' same firm. That was the link the police, tried to trace.
20.  War department files in National Archives Washington D.C.
21.  File  9771-72 War Department National archives W lashington D.0 UK
22.  File. 9991-B-41 in War. department, - National_ archives„ Washington D.C.. Friends . of India was the international league establish in Mexico by M.N. Roy and Evelyn . as directors. Prof Jose . G 1 Vlontes was the Secretary and the address was Ap.Postal 1056, Mexico, D.F. There were two vice presidents, four more members mentioned.
23. Evelyn while withdrawing the money from the bank mentioned that she was going to Yukatan to reorganize the schools for the Government. General Alvarado Salvarado was the progressive governor for the state to whom Evelyn carried an. introductory letter. See War Department . files 9771-72,73 in : National Archives Washington D.C.
24.   War Department files 9771-25
25.  Evelyn sent a letter from Petrograd to Elena Terres. She was routing the letters from Esthonia. She also - sent a photo of Petrograd rally in which she and Roy participate. - The photo was not very.. clear: - See War records in National Archives War department records 9771-B 1.
26. Sergei Eisenstein 1898-1948, Russian film producer, Director. He visited Mexico from 1930 to 1932 and made Que Viva Mexico Modern Art Museum of New York has the copy of that film.
27. See Hoover Institute Archives and Stanford University rare collection, Stanford, California USA.
28.  KPO radio broadcasts were popular in-those days (1928) Evelyn invited several prominent guests for discussions and talks on the Radio. Since those were the earliest Radio broadcasts no cord was available in audio museums.
29. Mc.Lure Newspaper Syndicate, New York, was established in 1883. It was purchased by Clinton P Brown in 1912 sold to Richard H Walden & associates in 192$. After 1$ years they moved to Standard Statistical building in Lower Manhattan, New York. At that juncture Evelyn Trent edited their publications in fiction.
30. See Hoover Institution Archives, Stanford USA Agnes Boone was born in a Methodist family who opposed dancing considering it a frivolity. Agnes overcome that obstacle and evolved as a pioneer in western dance. She was a contemporary of Evelyn in Stanford University. She won recognition in New York where there was a tremendous competition. She toured France, Spain, . Italy and got laurels. She taught in Boston Teacher's club.
31. Revolutionary Age was published from New York as a weekly by the majority Communist group. Jay Lovestone was the editor in 1931. Ben Gitlow was the secretary of the communist majority group national council. Though Evelyn never worked with the communists in USA she was in touch with developments about Roy and am reacted immediately after his arrest. This also indicates that there was no truth in the allegation about her links with British government against Roy.
32. Dewitt Jones belongs to Richmond in California State. After their marriage they moved to Oakland. Dewitt Jones worked for news papers in Sacramento and written articles in San Fransisco Chronicle. He published Newspaper from Sierra Madre in California. He was the research director. to Contra Costa County - development Asson. He also directed the compiling of the history of the port of Stockton and historical documents of East Bay, Alameda County Board of supervisors and State Emergency Relief Administration.. He wrote for Oakland Tribune: He also worked for the Governor of California. The couple lived for some time in Sacramento. the capital of California. He was manager of Oakland industrial office of the state department of Employment. Evelyn moved to various places along with him and contributed articles in local news papers and organizations connected to her husband.
33. Revolutionary age, New. York published about the statement of Einstein on 26th September 1931. The brief text of the original statement was in German and preserved in the Einstein archives of Hebrew University, Jerusalem. The copy is available in Princeton University, New. Jersey library, archives and among rare collection papers. I obtained permission from Einstein Archives, Jerusalem for publishing it. I got it translated in Washington D.C.
34.  The Revolutionary Age, a weekly from New York published reports regularly commencing from the arrest of M.N. Roy till the sentence and afterwards. The weekly was the official organ of the Majority communist group in USA From the beginning of 1932 the paper was published as Workers Age and continued campaigning for M.N.Roy. The information was not carried in Indian papers in those days because of censorship and repression in India.
35. See Hoover Institute Archives: Jones, Evelyn Trent papers Princeton University. Einstein thanked Evelyn in his letter sent to her on-29th April 1947. Obviously Evelyn knew Einstein intimately and was in touch with him.
36. Evelyn responded to the correspondence from Renaissance publishers from India. She wanted to see the memoirs that were serialized in the Radical Humanist. Renaissance publishers sent her Roy's New Orientation, My experience in China and a few copies of periodicals.
37. Richard Park was the earliest scholar to approach Evelyn for information and continued correspondence with her. An important letter written to Park was burnt at the edges and only one page was retained in the papers of Evelyn. But that gave many clues about her thinking about Roy. Even after knowing that nothing was mentioned regarding her role in the memoirs of Roy, she continued her admiration for him and expressed it in clear words. She condemned Dr. Chakravarthy and others for vilification of Roy. She wanted recognition for the intellectual contribution of Roy. See Jones, Evelyn Trent papers in Hoover Institute, Stanford California,. USA.
It seems Prof Robert C. North developed intimate contact with Evelyn by constantly visiting her at Auburn. North sent several letters, questions and redirected the letters of others to her. . At her request North kept her residential address a secret and Evelyn used the Post Box number in her last days.

- Innaiah Narisetti

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